Identification of Learning Outcome
- 1 Learning Outcome
- 2 Most Relevant Competencies Addressed through Volunteering
- 3 Recognition, Identification, Validation
- 4 Your Perspective on Recognition, Identification and Validation
- 5 Inspiring Handbooks and Sources from the Community
- 6 References
“Learning outcomes are statements of what a learner knows, understands and is able to do after completion of learning.” Learning outcome includes skills, knowledge and attitudes.
In particular civic engagement and volunteering are contributing to broad range of competencies like the study and survey Job Bridge is showing. The most relevant competencies in the opinion of volunteers are illustrated by the graphic below. However, the lack often recognition among learners and also among the society - for instance by fellow citizens, organizations, employers. In this sense, we as educators should spend some efforts in order to help learners to get their competencies recognized and also to show the social impact and value of Education for Democratic Citizenship and of civil engagement through our learners' recognition.
Most Relevant Competencies Addressed through Volunteering
Source: Job-Bridge, p. 20 
Recognition, Identification, Validation
- Awareness and appreciation of competencies
- The basis is self-recognition, including "personal awareness and assessment of learning outcomes, and the ability to use these learning outcomes in other fields."
- Social recognition and political recognition are describing how others acknowledge and describe the competence of a learner.
- Formal recognition is describing and comparing learning, often in form of certificates, licenses, or similar, issued by a formal or non-formal educational institution.
In the EU also the two terms identification and validation are in this connection used.:
- Makes the individual’s learnings and outcomes in a general way visible
- Rather in a less formal way
- Making use of different and free forms of description, assessment and documentation
- The confirmation by a competent body
- that learning outcomes have been identified and documented
- assedded against predefined criteria
- compliant with the requirements of a validation standard.
- Validation typically leads to certification.
Your Perspective on Recognition, Identification and Validation
In all learning settings we are able to describe competency levels and the specific mixture of competences required for concrete tasks. This description must go beyond formal grades in order to cover the broad aspects of competencies. Since the crucial point is, that an individual learner is able to translate their competencies to others, it is worth to put efforts into the support of self-reflection and into self-recognition. Especially in non-formal education educational providers and educators need to think beyond certification, as the latter is often not available: validation is in consequence connected with a credible authority in form of a formal learning provider. Attention need to be paid to a credible description how the learning could be applied in specific contexts, and also how it contributed to a transversal competency development.
Inspiring Handbooks and Sources from the Community
Valued by You, Valued by Others
Improving the visibility of competences in Youthpass (and also in other contexts)
Recognizing Learning in Youth Exchange
Youth Work Service, Léargas' handbook complementary to YouthPASS, with suitable methods as well for evaluation and competence assessments without using the YouthPASS
The Learning Curve
A guide to evaluation for youth organizations
Practical tips and hands-on methods to make the most of the Youthpass process edieted by SALTO and Jugend für Europa
EaSY soft skills
A skill assessment online tool, model and method handbook
Competendo Portfolio Tool for Facilitators
Share learning badges through a digital platform
Competency-related portfolio tool
- European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2009: The shift to learning outcomes Policies and practices in Europe; p. 30
- P. Boivin, J. Baez: Job Bridge – Stocktaking report on the state-of-play of validation in the voluntary sector across the EU; Lifelong Learning Platform; Brussels; October 2019;
- YouthPass: About Recognition
- European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2009: [www.cedefop.europa.eu/EN/Files/3054_en.pdf The shift to learning outcomes Policies and practices in Europe]; p. 15