The way in which teams assign tasks and how one communicates with each other differs between and within societies. Teamwork in a company entails other requirements than in a voluntary project. As well it depends from the people`s nature and their preferred styles of collaboration. When teamwork and group work aim to be learning opportunities and the more diverse these groups are, we need to reflect and to apply cooperation models, our ways of decisionmaking and how groups manage themselves. This includes a more detailed understanding of group processes, team roles and behavior in different working situations.
The model of group development by Bruce Tuckmann accounts for the dynamics of a typical course of a project. It illustrates the fact that team processes in general work dynamically.
People with different habits and roles form a functioning team. One or probably several of the here presented role descriptions will remind you of yourself or of other people with whom you are working.
The four-player team model by David Kantor can help us understand a team in its interactions. It focuses on the dynamics that result from having four different roles - movers, followers, opponents, and bystanders.
The Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) analyzes and categorizes people’s personalities in combinations of eight characteristics. It is based on the work of psychologist Carl Gustav Jung, Katharine Cook Briggs, and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers
Beyond the Myer Briggs Type Indicator the NEO Personality Inventory is widely known and used as a tool for the description of personal characteristics. It is a further development of the so called five factor model by P. T. Costa, Jr., and R. R. McCrae.
There is a specific way of processing information in each learner's brain caused by spatial specialization (lateralization of brain function). This can be named as a person's cognitive style. It influences the way how we learn. The Cognitive Style Index is a tool for measuring the learning style.
Do I tend to work on many things at the same time? Do I need a schedule to plan when to work on one or the other? Do I naturally tend to be punctual or flexible? For what things do I allot plenty of time? Time Management is depending from personal preferences.
People have diverse attitudes and behave very different. Personality styles try to categorize personal characteristics, a person's specific styles and attitudes.
Facilitators have to apply their style of leadership in front of the group on a continuum between authoritarian/patriarchal - cooperative - laissez-faire management style. Furthermore they need to apply leadership to the situation or the group process. Therefore facilitators need to understand their attitude towards leadership and in a certain situation the capacity to reflect, which kind of leadership they apply.